QUOTATIONS FROM Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart and William Shakespeare's Othello
LANGUAGE: "Among the Igbo the art of conversation is regarded very highly, and proverbs are the palm-oil with which words are eaten"
contrasts with Nwoye's attraction to the song and poetry of the new religion, though he does not understand what it means (even at end does not understand what it means)
clever language to portray clever language
"Instead of saying 'myself' he always said "my buttocks"...
He said he was one of them, as they could see from his colour and his language...
contrasting; he is clearly not one of them "harsh accent", trying to be convincing...
'Your buttocks understand our language' said someone lightheartedly and the crowd laughed...
'Your buttocks said he had a son' said the joker. 'So he must have a wife and all of them must have buttocks.'...
mockery, noone buys it but with no harm.
At the end of it Okonkow was fully convinced that the man was mad...
in igbo ideology, theory of christianity does not make sense (theory of christianity does not make sense -- holy trinity)
It was the poetry of the new religion, something felt in the marrow"
younger generation influenced (as they disagree with old ideology, not that they disagree with the new -- unanswered questions -- Ikemefuna's (the peace offering) death)
Othello: derogatory phrases such as "thick lips" "old black ram" and "devil"
insults; cuckold, whore, strumpet
"I have a thing for you"
"Tis a common thing" ('thing' being slang)
saying one thing and doing another, Iago speaks truth "Reputation is an idle and most false imposition; oft got without merit, and lost without deserving" and yet still plays the deceiver
empowering "Keep up thy bright swords, for the dew will rust them"
"...out-tongue his complaints"
IDEOLOGY IN PROVERBS AND SAYINGS AND THE LIKE (more lang, of a sort):
THE TITLE - from W.B. Yeats poem "The Second Coming"
"He best lack all conviction, while the worst
Are full of passionate intensity"
"'There is no story that is not true' said Uchenda, 'The world has no end, and what is good among one people is an abominations with others."
acceptance of other side to coin -- wisdom
"The story of this man who had killed a messenger and hanged himself would make interesting reading. One could almost write a chapter on him. Perhaps not a whole chapter but a reasonable paragraph, at any rate. There was so much else to include, and one must be firm in cutting out details. He had already chosen the title of the book, after much thought: The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the Lower Niger."
at end -- other perspective. story of his life (just made into a whole book) cut down to a paragraph.
"The white man whose power you know too well has ordered this meeting to stop"
question of 'power'; end to the power of lang. -- when lang (for Okonkwo) is denied, he "uses his fists"
-- "had a slight stammer and whenever he was angry and could not get his words out quickly enough, he would use his fists"
"As the elders said, if one finger brought oil it soiled the others."
opposite of western saying "one bad apple does not spoil the bunch"
OTHELLO; "In following him, I follow but myself" -- own ends
"I am not what I am" -- declaration of deceptive nature
"'Virtue'? A fig! 'Tis ourselves that we are thus or thus. Our bodies are gardens, to the which our wills are gardeners..." -- ideology of will and control, we are what we make ourselves, then how can he be not what he is?
"But jealous souls will not be answered so;
They are not ever jealous for the cause,
But jealous for they're jealous: 'tis a monster
Begot upon itself, born on itself" -- Emelia points out the true ideology of a jealous mind - Iago's - this is why he is not what he is.
GENDER + Honour: "...I do beseech your honour."
"I nothing, but to please his fantasy."
"I will chop her into messes - cuckold me!" + Iagos little ditties about the foul and fair etc.
THINGS FALL APART
"...was possessed by the fear of his father's contemptible life and shameful death." IRONY. thought of his father as feminine
"Dazed with dear, Okonkwo drew his machete and cut him down. He was afraid of being thought weak..." while his friend does not. does not want to be thought of as "feminine"
"This is a womanly clan, he thought" as they do not want to take violent action, as if this is a bad thing.
"The crime was of two kinds, male and female. Okonkwo had commited the female, because it had been inadvertent. He could return to the clan after seven years."
GENDER in defense of the feminine: "'...He could not do anything without telling her.'
'I did not know that,' Okonkwo said ' I thought he was a strong man in his youth.'
'He was indeed,' said Ofoedu
Okonkwo shook his head doubtfully.
'He led Umuofia to war in those days,' said Obienika"
despite idea of "male honour", opposses Okonkwos ideology
"It is not bravery when a man fights with a woman"
"It is true that a child belongs to its father. But when a father beats his child, it seeks sympathy in its mother's hut. A man belongs to his fatherland when things are good and life is sweet. But when there is sorrow and bitterness he finds refuge in his motherland. Your mother is there to protect you. She is buried there. And that is why we say that mother is supreme."
roles also, oppossing, once again, Okonkwo's ideology (the masc. is right, fem. is weak)
OTHELLO the duty of women known: "To you I am bound for life and education;
My life and education both do learn me
How to respect you. You are the lord of duty;
I am hitherto your daughter. But here's my husband;
And so much duty as my mother showed
To you, preferring you before her father,
So much I challenge that I may profess Due to the Moor my lord."
"...Let husbands know
Their wives have sense like them, they see and smell,
And have their palates both for sweet and sour,
As husbands have... Then let them use us well; elose let them know,
The ills we do, their ills instruct us so."
"Thou hast not half the power to me harm
As I have to hurt"